Many people get their wisdom teeth removed; however, there are several other reasons why tooth extractions are necessary in adulthood. An oral surgeon or dentist performs the tooth extraction, which is a relatively quick procedure. It will involve the use of intravenous, general, or local anesthesia, or a combination.
Extracting visible teeth is a quick and simple procedure when done by a qualified specialist. Removing teeth that are below the surface, impacted, or broken, however, requires a longer and more involved procedure.
This is a dental option where a dentist or oral surgeon removes a tooth from its socket or dental alveolus. Periodontists also carry out this procedure as part of their core skills as dental care providers. The two main types of tooth extraction procedures are:
Simple extractions: usually happen under local anesthesia. They involve the extraction of visible teeth.
Surgical extractions: happen when a tooth is not easily accessible. The oral surgeon may need to perform an incision to lift the soft tissue covering the tooth. Sometimes, he/she will split the tooth into many pieces to allow for easier extraction. This procedure usually involves the use of general anesthesia.
People have two sets of teeth, i.e., milk teeth and permanent teeth. The first set of teeth produced by the body are the milk teeth. When they fall off, the permanent teeth replace them. Permanent teeth should last a lifetime. In certain situations, however, extractions may be necessary. Some of the reasons for this include:
Tooth decay or damage becomes irreparable when the decay reaches the pulp of the tooth. Decay produces bacteria, which can invade the pulp and lead to an infection. In such a case, you may need to endure a root canal procedure to treat the infection. If the infection is too severe, however, your dentist may have to extract your tooth to prevent the infection from spreading.
This is an infection of the alveolar bone, periodontal ligaments, gums, and other structures surrounding your teeth. Known as gingivitis during its earliest stage, this disease may require your dentist to perform a tooth extraction. Bacteria in dental plaque causes periodontal disease, which can also lead to the loosening of your teeth. Fortunately, good oral hygiene can help prevent this condition.
It may be necessary to extract one or more teeth to eliminate overcrowding in your mouth. Dentists also recommend tooth extraction when their patients undergo orthodontic treatment and there is insufficient room for the teeth to realign and move. Your orthodontist will assess how crowded your mouth is and determine whether there is adequate room for your teeth to move.
You may require a tooth extraction in the aftermath of an accident that requires you to undergo dental treatment. However, your oral surgeon will first try to preserve your teeth using procedures such as dental bonding, veneers, bridges, or crowns. If the problem is too severe, tooth extraction is the next best option.
To learn more about tooth extractions, contact Le Smile Aesthetic and Comprehensive Dentistry in Vienna (703) 448-3527 or Fall Church (703) 534-6226.